# Free Electronic Circuits & 8085 projects

## 8085 Instructions – LOGICAL

Published on Oct 09 2009

LOGICAL INSTRUCTIONS

 Opcode Operand Explanation of Instruction Description CMP R M Compare register or memory with accumulator The contents of the operand (register or memory) are M compared with the contents of the accumulator. Both contents are preserved . The result of the comparison is shown by setting the flags of the PSW as follows: if (A) < (reg/mem): carry flag is setif (A) = (reg/mem): zero flag is setif (A) > (reg/mem): carry and zero flags are reset Example: CMP B or CMP M CPI 8-bit data Compare immediate with accumulator The second byte (8-bit data) is compared with the contents of the accumulator. The values being compared remain unchanged. The result of the comparison is shown by setting the flags of the PSW as follows: if (A) < data: carry flag is setif (A) = data: zero flag is setif (A) > data: carry and zero flags are reset Example: CPI 89H ANA R M Logical AND register or memory with accumulator The contents of the accumulator are logically ANDed with M the contents of the operand (register or memory), and the result is placed in the accumulator. If the operand is a memory location, its address is specified by the contents of HL registers. S, Z, P are modified to reflect the result of the operation. CY is reset. AC is set. Example: ANA B or ANA M ANI 8-bit data Logical AND immediate with accumulator The contents of the accumulator are logically ANDed with the8-bit data (operand) and the result is placed in theaccumulator. S, Z, P are modified to reflect the result of theoperation. CY is reset. AC is set. Example: ANI 86H XRA R M Exclusive OR register or memory with accumulator The contents of the accumulator are Exclusive ORed with M the contents of the operand (register or memory), and the result is placed in the accumulator. If the operand is a memory location, its address is specified by the contents of HL registers. S, Z, P are modified to reflect the result of the operation. CY and AC are reset. Example: XRA B or XRA M XRI 8-bit data Exclusive OR immediate with accumulator The contents of the accumulator are Exclusive ORed with the 8-bit data (operand) and the result is placed in the accumulator. S, Z, P are modified to reflect the result of the operation. CY and AC are reset. Example: XRI 86H ORA R M Logical OR register or memory with accumulator The contents of the accumulator are logically ORed with M the contents of the operand (register or memory), and the result is placed in the accumulator. If the operand is a memory location, its address is specified by the contents of HL registers. S, Z, P are modified to reflect the result of the operation. CY and AC are reset. Example: ORA B or ORA M ORI 8-bit data Logical OR immediate with accumulator The contents of the accumulator are logically ORed with the 8-bit data (operand) and the result is placed in the accumulator. S, Z, P are modified to reflect the result of the operation. CY and AC are reset. Example: ORI 86H RLC none Rotate accumulator left Each binary bit of the accumulator is rotated left by one position. Bit D7 is placed in the position of D0 as well as in the Carry flag. CY is modified according to bit D7. S, Z, P, AC are not affected. Example: RLC RRC none Rotate accumulator right Each binary bit of the accumulator is rotated right by one position. Bit D0 is placed in the position of D7 as well as in the Carry flag. CY is modified according to bit D0. S, Z, P, AC are not affected. Example: RRC RAL none Rotate accumulator left through carry Each binary bit of the accumulator is rotated left by one position through the Carry flag. Bit D7 is placed in the Carry flag, and the Carry flag is placed in the least significant position D0. CY is modified according to bit D7. S, Z, P, AC are not affected. Example: RAL RAR none Rotate accumulator right through carry Each binary bit of the accumulator is rotated right by one position through the Carry flag. Bit D0 is placed in the Carry flag, and the Carry flag is placed in the most significant position D7. CY is modified according to bit D0. S, Z, P, AC are not affected. Example: RAR CMA none Complement accumulator The contents of the accumulator are complemented. No flags are affected. Example: CMA CMC none Complement carry The Carry flag is complemented. No other flags are affected. Example: CMC STC none Set Carry Set Carry Example: STC